General “Mad” Anthony Wayne assumed command over other elements of Lee’s force and manned Lafayette’s front. June 28th (1778) was a Sunday. Clinton rested his men until midnight, then he slipped them away to the coast and evacuation by the Royal Navy. Battle of Monmouth, 28 June 1778. The Continental Army under General George Washington attacked the rear of the British Army column commanded by Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton as they left Monmouth Court House (modern Freehold Borough). One of the lasting legends of the Battle of Monmouth concerns "Molly Pitcher," the nickname given to Mary Ludwig Hays McCauly, who delivered water to her husband’s battery to cool the cannons and the soldiers. Commanders: American: George Washington British: Henry Clinton. How and why this battle took place, however, r… After a 40-hour halt at Monmouth Court House, the army moved out, leaving a small covering force. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. When Lee attempted to surround the small force at the courthouse, he was surprised by the arrival of Lord Cornwallis’s rear guard, which Clinton had ordered back to resist the attackers. National Archives, Washington, D.C. Washington placed General Nathanael Greene’s division on the right and the division of General William Alexander, “Lord” Stirling, on the left. Following the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine in September 1777, the British Army... On December 23, 1776 Thomas Paine wrote "these are the times that try men's souls." The combatants thus resumed the positions held two years before. The commanding general’s delaying action gave time for the rest of the Continental Army to come up and join the battle. Battle site: June 28, 1778 is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 1 time. Washington presently marched to the Hudson River to join the Continental Army there, while Clinton’s forces returned to New York. 28 June 1778. On June 28, Major-General Charles Lee’s forces engaged a portion of the British army near Monmouth Court House (present-day Freehold, New Jersey). Battle of Brandywine, (September 11, 1777), in the American Revolution, engagement near Philadelphia in which the British defeated the Americans but left the Revolutionary army intact. Washington arrived about noon, ahead of his main army, in time to see Lee’s men fleeing the battlefield. The new British commander, Lieutenant General Henry Clinton, received orders to follow a defensive strategy and consolidate forces in New York City. Battles of the Revolutionary War: 1780. Although these articles may currently differ in style from others on the site, they allow us to provide wider coverage of topics sought by our readers, through a diverse range of trusted voices. Cornwallis then led his men in attack on Greene’s division. Losses: American, 109 dead, 161 wounded, 130 missing; British, 207 dead, 170 wounded. The battle fought on 28 th June 1778 by the American Continental Army against the British, after the 1777/8 winter spent training under Steuben. His efforts cleared most of New Jersey of enemy forces, and greatly boosted American morale. Powder Alarm – September 1, 1774– The Powder Alarm was a minor conflict that really wasn’t a conflict at all. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Corrections? In order to strike a vigorous blow at the retreating enemy, American general George Washington ordered Charles Lee, commanding the advance guard, to attack the British rear. HISTORICAL MAP | The Battle of Germantown, Pennsylvania on October 4, 1777. A list of battles and skirmishes between American and British forces and ther allies, during the American War for Independence, 1778, with links and references for further information. There are 187 days left to the end of the year. An American counterattack on the British right forced the Redcoats to fall back and reorganize. On hearing that American Gen. Charles Lee had ordered a retreat, Gen. Washington becomes furious. The American Revolution began in 1775 and led to the rapid formation of American armies to oppose the British. By late afternoon both sides were exhausted and fighting stopped. War: American Revolutionary War Date of the Battle of Bennington: 16th August 1777. Battle Summary. June 28 - Battle of Monmouth - New Jersey July 3 - Battle of Wyoming (Wyoming Massacre) - Pennsylvania August 29 - Battle of Rhode Island - Rhode Island 1779 . These articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected. After the Battle of Connecticut Farms had foiled Lieutenant General Wilhelm von Knyphausen’s expedition to attack General George Washington’s army at Morristown, New Jersey, Knyphausen and Lieutenant General Henry Clinton, British commander-in-chief in North America, decided upon a second attempt. What happened on June 27, 1778. By 6:00 P.M., however, the British had had enough. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. American Casualties: Killed: 72 Wounded: 161 Missing: 130 Died of heatstroke: 37. The Loyalists under Major Patrick Ferguson were unwilling to surrender after the attack by the Patriot militia led by Colonel William Campbell. Greene re-formed his units as part of the main battle line and fought on. On June 18, 1778, after almost nine months of occupation, 15,000 British troops under General Sir Henry Clinton evacuate Philadelphia, the former U.S. capital. In failing to press his advantage, Lee ceded the initiative to his British counterpart, General Charles Lord Cornwallis, who commanded the rear elements of Clinton’s army. On this day in history, June 28, 1778, the Battle of Monmouth is the last major battle of the American Revolution in the north. British General Howe reacted to the Battle of Trenton by sending a large force of men to New Jersey. The battle was indeed a tactical draw, but only from a narrow, post-action, battlefield perspective. The Battle of Ushant 1778. Although more a series of skirmishes than a pitched battle, this clash of arms was the result of tensions that had built over a long period and changed the conflict from politics and social unrest to open warfare. Battle of Monmouth, 1:00pm - 5:30pm - June 28, 1778 The American Battlefield Trust's map of the Battle of Monmouth In the wake of the British evacuation of Philadelphia, General George Washington was anxious to test the revitalized Continental Army. So how was it that the Americans claimed Monmouth as a stunning victory? Meanwhile the Alert 12, Lieutenant William Fairfax, had grappled and then carried by boarding the lugger Coureur, M. de Rosilie, which had been attempting to assist the Belle Poule.The enemy lost five men killed and seven wounded during the hour-long engagement, the Alert four men wounded of whom two later died. General George Washington at the Battle of Monmouth on 28th June 1778 in the American Revolutionary War: picture by Emanuel Leutze. An … Lee’s men were turned over to the Marquis de Lafayette, who kept those troops in reserve. Historical Events for 28th June, 1778 » The Continental Army or American Continentals engage the British in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse resulting in standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness. 1777 to 1778. Gen. Clinton then continues on toward New York. It was here that the Americans intercepted the British forces who were trekking from Philadelphia. The Battle of King’s Mountain in South Carolina was fought between a Patriot militia against the Loyalist army in the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War. In the meantime, more information about the article and the author can be found by clicking on the author’s name. The British surrender at Saratoga brought the French into the war as American allies in February 1778. At Princeton, Washington once again launched a surprise attack, and succeeded in defeating the British. Battle of Monmouth, also called Battle of Monmouth Court House, (June 28, 1778), indecisive engagement in the American Revolution, fought at Monmouth, New Jersey. Battle of fooren Hill: May 20, 1778Battle of Monmouth: June 28, 1778Wyoming Valley Massacre: July 3, 1778Battle of Rhode Island: August 29, 1778Cherry Valley Massacre: November 11, 1778. It's the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. June 27/28, 1778 - The Battle of Monmouth occurs in New Jersey as Washington's troops and Gen. Clinton's troops fight to a standoff. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. Result: Tactical draw, with Washington's men holding the field the following morning. Battle of Monmouth. The French commander was under orders to avoid battle if possible, in order to maintain a fleet in being. July 2, 1778 - Congress returns once again to Philadelphia. Battles of the Revolutionary War: 1779. This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. Clue: Battle site: June 28, 1778. 1778. Washington did not follow. The Battle of Monmouth was an American Revolutionary War (or American War of Independence) battle fought on June 28, 1778 in Monmouth County, New Jersey. Engagement between Bonhomme Richard and Serapis. Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. Although Sir Henry Clinton, who had replaced Howe, struck back hard, the Americans stood their ground. While British forces were largely led by professional officers and filled with career soldiers, the American leadership and ranks were filled with … Articles such as this one were acquired and published with the primary aim of expanding the information on Britannica.com with greater speed and efficiency than has traditionally been possible. Battle of Monmouth, also called Battle of Monmouth Court House, (June 28, 1778), indecisive engagement in the American Revolution, fought at Monmouth, New Jersey. According to lore, when her husband was wounded or collapsed, "Molly" took her husband’s place as a member of the gun crew for the remainder of the battle. Questions or concerns? What began as a promising opportunity devolved into a potential disaster. Supported by artillery, Greene’s men stiffened their line and repulsed Cornwallis and his troops. The Continental victory at Saratoga in 1777 and the Treaty with the French in 1778 transformed the war, especially for the British. Donate today to preserve Revolutionary War battlefields and the nation’s history for generations to come. Rallying what troops he had, Washington continued the assault on the British. Battle of Princeton. Although the British were initially able to advance, they were ultimately forced … Revolutionary War: Southern Phase, 1778-1781. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable twice-hallowed ground at Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbor — forever. Divisions of the American Battlefield Trust: The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. While Wayne wanted to press the attack, Washington demurred, believing that his men were “beat out and with heat and fatigue.”. Philadelphia had been occupied in September of 1777, but the entry of France into the war on the American side made the British change their entire strategy. George Washington at the Battle of Monmouth George Washington at the Battle of Monmouth (1778) during the American Revolutionary War. Updates? Browse historical events, famous birthdays and notable deaths from Jun 27, 1778 or search by date, day or keyword. After that battle British forces in the north remained chiefly in and around the city of New York.…, The program paid off at Monmouth Court House, New Jersey, on June 28, 1778, when Washington attacked the British, who were withdrawing from Philadelphia to New York. Molly Pitcher at the Battle of Monmouth, lithograph by Nathaniel Currier. America Has a Flag. The battle was an emphatic victory for the Patriot militia and one of the bloodiest battles in the war. It was a stupendous victory for Washington. …greatly to Washington’s success at Monmouth (now Freehold), New Jersey, on June 28, 1778. The British did not give Washington a chance to renew the fight in the morning, slipping away under the cover of darkness and resuming their withdrawal to New York City. June 28, 1778 - Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey Troops: Continental Army 11,000; British 14-15,000. As Washington approached the fighting, he encountered panic stricken troops fleeing the enemy. Omissions? Battle during American War of Independence. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. Nobody was killed and there were no shots fired. Artillery was placed on both flanks, with the guns on the right positioned to rain enfilading fire on the British. “Ever since the 19th, we have been kept in constant alarm; all Officers order’d to lay at their barracks.” By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. France and Spain in the Revolutionary War . There are related clues (shown below). On a hot and humid June 28, 1778, General George Washington and his subordinate, General Charles Lee, attacked rearguard elements of General Sir Henry Clinton’s British Army. Washington at Valley Forge, by Edward P. Moran: Washington’s troops endured harsh conditions at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777–1778. The battle was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and their rebelling colonies in North America. The main British achievement of 1777 had been the capture of Philadelphia, but in the changes circumstances of 1778, with the main focus of the British war effort now directed against the French, Philadelphia was no longer seen as an asset. He abandoned Philadelphia and marched his army north. Let us know. Strength: American: 12,000 British: 10,000. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Battle of Monmouth (or Battle of Monmouth Courthouse) was an important American Revolutionary War battle, fought at Monmouth, New Jersey on June 28th, 1778. Extensively studied archaeologically and historically, this important battle showcased Washington’s The commanders of the two squadrons of the … Having about equal forces, both sides claimed to have won victory, but the British claim seems more valid since Clinton was able to complete his march without molestation. Although the American army outnumbered its foe two-to-one and had undergone extensive training in the art of war during its winter encampment at Valley Forge, Lee, who launched the initial attack, lacked confidence in the ability of the Continental soldiers under his command. Outraged, Washington rallied and re-formed the men to delay until his following units were in a battle line. The British general Sir William Howe was lured to Philadelphia in the belief that its large Tory element would rise up when joined by a British army and thus virtually remove Pennsylvania from the war. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. As he pulled back, Lee encountered an astonished George Washington. The previous battle of the American Revolutionary War is the Battle of Saratoga. Thereafter (except in the winter of 1779,…. Rather than risk fighting a delaying action on difficult terrain, Lee ordered a retreat but was tardy giving Washington notice. Combatants at the Battle of Bennington: Germans, British, Canadians, Indians and loyalist Americans from Major-General John Burgoyne’s British Army against American Colonists, largely New England militia. Benefiting from their winter training at Valley Forge, the Continentals repulsed the British regulars and made bayonet counterattacks. After a brief skirmish, Lee learned that British reinforcements under Lord Cornwallis were drawing near and ordered the withdrawal of his men. British Casualties: Killed: 147 Wounded: 170 Died of heatstroke: 60. Casualties: Continental Army 399; British 358. On the afternoon of this day in 1777, General Sir William Howe and General Charles Cornwallis launch a full-scale British attack on General George Washington and the Patriot outpost at Brandywine Creek near Chadds Ford, in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on the road linking Baltimore and Philadelphia. The battle, fought on June 28, 1778 in New Jersey, featured British forces under the command of Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton and Continental forces under the command of General George Washington. The American left held steady while the advanced right wing under Major General Nathanael Greene was pushed back. https://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Monmouth-1778, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Battle of Monmouth, United States History - Battle of Monmouth. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Increased French aid to the Continentals was very slow in coming; coordinated military activity between the two new allies was even slower to happen. June 28, 1778 at Freehold, New Jersey. Timeline 1777. The Battle of Ushant took place on 27 July 1778, and was fought during the American Revolutionary War between French and British fleets 100 miles west of Ushant, an island at the mouth of the English Channel off the north-westernmost point of France. The fighting see-sawed back and forth under the brutal June sun for several hours. Every purchase supports the mission. On June 19, 1778, after six months at Valley Forge, the Continental Army marched in pursuit of Clinton’s troops up toward New York. The Sullivan Expedition: June 18, 1779Battle of Stony Point: July 16, 1779Siege of Savannah: September 16-October 18, 1779. Preserve 108 Acres of the Most Important Unprotected Battlefield Land, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Battle of Monmouth, 1:00pm - 5:30pm - June 28, 1778, Battle of Monmouth, 7:00 am - 1:00pm - June 28, 1778, Continental Army in the Revolutionary War. There were attacks and counterattacks by both sides throughout the hot afternoon, with numerous casualties as American and British cannon swept the field in the largest artillery duel of the war. Most would call the outcome of this battle a draw. Raymond K. Bluhm Jr. is a retired U.S. Army Colonel and military historian, author, and former professor of American History. Philadelphia could no longer be safely defended and New York was at risk. Enraged, he galloped ahead of his wing, In an angry confrontation on the field of battle, Washington removed Lee from command. 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