Tarsus / ˈ t ɑːr s ə s / (Hittite: Tarsa; Greek: Ταρσός Tarsós; Armenian: Տարսոն Tarson; Arabic: طَرَسُوس ‎ Ṭarsūs) is a historic city in south-central Turkey, 20 km (12 miles) inland from the Mediterranean.It is part of the Adana-Mersin metropolitan area, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in Turkey with a population of 3 million people. Acts mentions St. Paul's Tarsus citizenship only twice (Acts 21: 39; Heb 22: 3) and does not give any information about it. There is some suspicion that Paul’s parents or ancestors were taken to Tarsus as prisoners of war. "Situated near the western border of the Cilician plain, where the river Cydnus flows in a cold and rapid stream, from the snows of Taurus to the sea, was the city of Tarsus, the capital of the whole province, and "no mean city" (Acts 21:39) in the history of the ancient world. How did Paul's family arrive in Tarsus? Tarsus was about 80 miles (130 kilometers) northwest of Antioch. Nave's Topical Index "Its (Tarsus') coins reveal to us its greatness through a long series of years:- alike in the period which intervened between Xerxes and Alexander, - and under the Roman sway, when it exulted in the name of Metropolis, - and long after Hadrian had rebuilt it, and issued his new coinage with the old mythological types . Printable Acts of Spiritual Communion. Antony, who controlled the eastern provinces, declared the city free in 42 BC. Pompey, the great Roman military general, placed Tarsus under the control of Rome. A. Located in Tekke, east of the medieval wall in Tarsus, this is actually a Roman temple dating to the second century A.D. Tarsus was the hometown of the apostle Paul (Acts 9:11), a city of great importance (21:39) as a learning center of the ancient world, alongside Alexandria and Athens. The New Testament references the apostle Paul in relation to his hometown of Tarsus several times (Acts 9:11, 30, 11:25, 21:39, 22:3). A prosperous city in the first century, St. Pauls pride in his home is evident when he says I am a Jew, of Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city' (Acts 21: 39). It was a free city, and a place of culture and learning. - Harry Thurston Peck. But what we know for sure is that Paul, who used to be called by his Jewish name Saul of Tarsus before converting to Christianity, spent about 30 … Paul was a follower of the Law and he became “both a Pharisee and a persecutor of Jesus-followers” (TTP, 20). I am verily a man who am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, being zealous towards God, as ye all are this day. Tarsus was also the place where Egyptian Queen Cleopatra and Mark Antony met for the first time and where they held celebrated feasts during the construction of their fleet (41 B.C.). The Apostle Paul’s Birth & Educationc. (Masses will continue to be available on our Archive Page.) Describes the city’s famous gate. Unlike Jesus, Paul grew up in a big city called Tarsus, which is located in modern day Turkey. He was born to Jewish parents who possessed Roman citizenship, a coveted privilege that their son would also possess. Saul of Tarsus was born in approximately AD 5 in the city of Tarsus in Cilicia (in modern-day Turkey). New York. Reading Paul's letters and Acts of the Apostles we learn that Paul was born in Tarsus, in modern day Eastern Turkey, he was a tent maker by trade, was … St.Paul's Church, Tarsus: See 69 reviews, articles, and 114 photos of St.Paul's Church, ranked No.10 on Tripadvisor among 22 attractions in Tarsus. Legend says that St. Paul often drank from this well, said to have special curative properties. A series of old photographs taken during the Near East Expedition of Francis W. Kelsey in 1920. Tarsus pictures – Turkey (Dick Osseman). 69 Reviews 1 Q&A. The Tarsus gate of Cleopatra, also called the “Sea Gate,” still stands today, though it has been significantly restored. ... Acts 21:39 - But Paul said, I am a man [which am] a Jew of Tarsus, [a city] in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city: and, I beseech thee, suffer me to speak unto the people. Such free cities like Tarsus were also not subject to having Roman guards stationed within its gates. Tarsus in Cilicia, on the banks of the river Cydnus, by which it maintained an extensive commerce, was a distinguished seat of Greek philosophy and literature, and, from the number of its schools and learned men, is ranked by Strabo (xiv. Paul was a Roman citizen by birth, and Tarsus, where Paul was born, was a free city (see Acts 21:39). Gallery of photographs of Nemrut Dag. "Strabo says that, in all that relates to philosophy and general education, it (the city) was even more illustrious than Athens and Alexandria. "But we should be wrong in supposing that the general population of the province was of Greek origin, or spoke the Greek tongue. When Cyrus came with his army from the Western Coast, and still later, when Alexander penetrated into Cilicia, they found the inhabitants "Barbarians." They stay here teaching the new believers for a year. Students may use the material on this site for school projects without permission. For more details, see copyright information. Here you can find information about the history of ancient Turkey, about biblical sites to visit in Turkey and Greece, major Christian Saints, missionary journeys of St. Paul and Seven Churches of St. John. Mary's Way of the Cross. He was forced to return to his hometown due to his … Grab this full day trip Green Busra and observed the classic antiquity. The Roman City of Tarsus in Cilicia and its Terracotta Figurines. Tarsus, Mersin (Wikipedia). Why did Barnabas think that Saul would be in Tarsus? pp. Paul, a name he may have had thanks to his Roman citizenship, was born early in the first century CE or late in the last century BCE in a Greek-speaking area of the Roman Empire . By the first century A.D., Jews had settled in almost every country of the civilized world. The city became the capital of the Cilicia region when it was under Roman occupation, and was briefly renamed "Juliopolis" in … No:14 Caminur, Tarsus Turkey. Young men now cannot hope for any such direct and infallible guidance. Tarsus grew into a cultural and intellectual center. The Early Years Of Saul Of Tarsus Introduction I. Feast of the Epiphany. A more technical discussion of certain finds from the site. A second part can be found here. 7 Other Attractions within 0.75 miles. The apostle Paul’s charge to Titus is “to set right what was left undone and, as I directed you, to appoint elders in every town” (1:5). Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. The undefeated Grecian military leader Alexander the Great traveled through Tarsus with his massive army in 333 B.C. Excavations have turned up a paved city street of Tarsus along with a colonnaded podium, which may date to the 2nd century BC. ... St. Paul of Tarsus Catholic Parish. Tarsus has a history going back over 2,000 years. Best nearby. While it is not impossible that Paul, a Jew from Tarsus, could have had Roman citizenship bestowed on him, it is unlikely that citizenship would have had the influence described in the book of Acts. Paul of Tarsus (a city in Cilicia, in what is now Turkey), was also known by the Jewish name of Saul. Contrary t… Free cities in the Roman empire were allowed to govern themselves by their own laws and customs, and given the privelage of selecting their own magistrates. Provides a historical summary of Tarsus. Tarsus is situated on the South coast of Turkey on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and is still a commercial centre today, as it was in Paul's day. Acts 11:25-26 Barnabas goes to Tarsus in 43AD and brings Paul back to Antioch (see 3 & 4 on Map 20). Around 171 B.C. Excavations have turned up a paved city street of Tarsus along with a colonnaded podium, which may date to the 2nd century BC. The road from Jerusalem to Damascus owes its fame to an event occurring along it about the year A.D. 34. Paul (Saul) was brought up in a Jewish household in Tarsus (TTP, 20). Paul was born in the city of Tarsus, capital of the province of Cilicia. Alexander almost met his demise in the city after he had taken a bath in Cydnus. . Kervan Humus (138) 4 min $$ - $$$ Mediterranean. "And as day was about to dawn, Paul implored them all to take food, saying, "Today is the fourteenth day you have waited and continued without food, and eaten nothing. Encyclopedia article on Tarsus from a Catholic perspective. Harper and Brothers. Everything known about him comes from the biblical book of Acts, the epistles which make up most of the Christian New Testament, and other narratives (such as The Acts of Paul and Thecla) not included in the Bible. Understanding Paul’s Jewish background does influence how we, as modern-day Christians, read Paul’s letters. The Roman City of Tarsus in Cilicia and its Terracotta Figurines (Les Carnets de l’ ACoSt). The Life and Epistles of Paul by Conybeare and Howson states the following regarding the apostle's place of birth. As a child, Paul was raised in Jerusalem and properly educated under the tutelage of Gamaliel, a member of the Sanhedrin. He also used his rights of citizenship, given to him in Tarsus, when he appealed to have a case against him (started by Jews) be heard in Rome by Caesar himself (Acts 25:10 - 12). Tarsus (NET Bible). Mass Saturday beginning at 4:00 pm and all day Sunday. V. Longlois, a traveler during the Middle Ages, identified this structure as the tomb of Sardanapalus, an Assyrian who was killed during the siege of Nineveh ca. It was believed that Cleopatra sailed up the Cydnus disguised as Aphrodite and came through this gate in 41 BC on her way to meet Mark Antony. The Emperor Pompey made Cilicia a Roman province in 64 BC, and its capital, Tarsus, was a free city from the time of Augustus. 29 Restaurants within 0.75 miles. Paul’s trade, tentmaking, fits well with Tarsus, a city well-known for making a certain type of felt cloth from the wool of shaggy black goats. King Agrippa II was the great-grandson of Herod the Great, who had attempted to kill infant Jesus and who did kill many baby boys in Judea. (chapter 1, section "Tarsus and Cicero"). Little of Tarsus during the time of Paul has been excavated due to the location of the modern city of Cumhuriyet Alani atop the ruins. The Predication of Saint Paul, in Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Little of Tarsus during the time of Paul has been excavated due to the location of the modern city of Cumhuriyet Alani atop the ruins. Tarsus, Biblical Sites in Turkey, Biblical Tour Guide is a web site where we share with you our knowledge and offer you our top services. Tarsus, Capital of Cilicia, on Cydmus fl., at one time near its mouth, but now 13 m. inland. Website +90 324 613 18 65. Encyclopedia entry on Tarsus. Church members bring Paul down to Caesarea by the sea, and from Caesarea they sent him to Tarsus (Acts 9:30). We certainly don’t know his name. In addition, remains have been found from the Bronze Age, baths, a Hellenistic portico, a Roman theater, and many terracotta figurines of deities, animals, people, and various mythological creatures. the city's library held 200,000 books, including a huge collection of scientific works. While Jesus spent his whole life in the Jewish homeland, Judea, Paul … More info. Stoic philosophers like Athenodorus, Zeno, Antipater, and Nestor lived in the city in the first century AD. The New Testament references the apostle Paul in relation to his hometown of Tarsus several times (Acts 9:11, 30, 11:25, 21:39, 22:3). In about AD 10, Saul’s family moved to Jerusalem. B. 612 BC. . Includes a photo of Cleopatra’s Gate (apparently called St. Paul’s Gate at the time) and the Roman temple. During Paul’s time, this was a city which enjoyed no taxation. The Hittites first dominated the city, followed by the powerful Assyrian Empire and then the massive empire of Persia. Are there any principles which will be a sufficient guide to them in the choice of a profession or calling? Tarsus was the birthplace of many distinguished men, among them the Apostle Paul. Paul's reference to the place of his birth and the Roman citizenship it made possible helped him avoid being whipped by the Romans (Acts 22:22 - 29). Those born in such free cities (like the Apostle Paul) were deemed to be citizens of the Roman Empire and could therefore exercise the privileges and rights granted to those with a Rome-based citizenship. $138.00 per adult. Stream Our Stations of the Cross. 16 —18). A lengthier article tracing the city’s history. Acts 11:26 The believers are called ‘Christians’ for the first time at Antioch. The Life and Epistles of Paul by Conybeare and Howson states the following regarding the apostle's place of birth. The pictures on this website are copyrighted and may be used only with permission. In the case of Saul of Tarsus, it was determined by the declared purpose of the Redeemer (Acts xxvi. Cleopatra’s Gate in Tarsus (Turkish Archaeological News). A.D. 6 Born a Roman citizen to Jewish parents in Tarsus (in modern eastern Turkey)c. 20–30 Studies Torah in Jerusalem with Gamaliel; becomes a … Parish Office: 586-228-1210 Religious Ed: 586-228-6651 Food Pantry: 586-228-1094 41300 Romeo Plank Road, Clinton Township, Michigan 48038 The city was given the status of being "free" by Roman Emperor Augustus as a thanks for its efforts during Rome's civil wars. Agrippa’s father was King Agrippa I, who beheaded the apostle James and arrested Peter in an attempt to kill him also. I am truly a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as you all are this day. 673, 674), with Athens and Alexandria. Reading Paul’s letters and Acts of the Apostles we learn that Paul was born in Tarsus, in modern day Eastern Turkey; he was a tent maker by trade, was an avid student under the top Jewish teacher in Jerusalem and was also a Roman citizen. A compilation of entries on Tarsus from several Bible dictionaries and encyclopedias. During this time of Pompey (67 BC), Tarsus was made capital over the Roman province of Cilicia, and Jews began to receive Roman citizenship. Tarsus (Livius). On the great day of Pentecost, Jews from throughout the Greco-Roman world traveled to Jerusalem to worship God (Acts 2:5–12). It was well-known for its culture of Greek philosophy, literature and wealth. His birth name was no doubt Saul while Paul (Paulus) was his Roman name which he naturally would have used more in his missionary work among the Gentiles. Its schools of learning rivaled and excelled even those found in Athens and Alexandria. Purchasers of the Photo Companion to the Bible and the Pictorial Library of Bible Lands are granted liberal usage rights for the images for personal and educational purposes. Tarsus (Catholic Encyclopedia). Tarsus (Ancient History Encyclopedia). While Roman citizenship did indeed confer legal status on the bearer, citizenship’s largest impact was social. Built " in one and the same day with Anchiale," by Sardanapalus. From his description it is evident that its main character was that of a Greek city, where the Greek language was spoken, and Greek literature studiously cultivated. Apostle to the Gentiles, Martyr; Born: c. 5 AD Tarsus, Cilicia, Roman Empire (Modern-day Turkey) : Died: c. 64/67 AD (aged 61–62 or 64–65) Rome, Roman Empire: Venerated in Tarsus was the headquarters of a Persian satrapy (a Persian governor who rules over a particular jurisdiction or province) for a period of time starting from around 400 B.C. We pick up Paul's life during his early travels before conducting his first missionary journey. Images of Tarsus, Turkey (University of Michigan). We know almost nothing about the father of the Apostle Paul. It soon became the capital city of Cilicia (the province in which the city existed) and the place where the province's governor lived. Notably, Jewish citizens of Tarsus were granted Roman citizenship. Weymouth New Testament "I am a Jew, born at Tarsus … Paul wrote some of the most beautiful and important passages in the whole of the Bible. Saul, the future Saint Paul, was born in Tarsus a Roman Citizen and a devout Jew (Acts 22:28, Philippians 3:4-5). Tarsus continued to receive special privileges under Augustus, who exempted the city from imperial taxation because Athenodorus, his teacher and friend, was a Tarsian. “Strabo, speaking of the time of Sulla, says (about 85 B. The early Years of Saul of Tarsus were also not subject to having Roman stationed. 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